Physiology Syllabus

First Marking Period Topics

Chapter 1: Orientation of the Body

  • Structural levels of organization.
  • Anatomical position and directions.
  • Anatomical Planes or body sections.
  • Body cavities.
  • Body regions.
  • The balance of body functions.

Chapter 2: Cellular Level of Organization

  • Cells.
  • Movement of substances through cell membranes.
  • Cell reproduction and heredity.

Chapter 3: Tissue Level of Organization

  • Epithelial tissues.
  • Connective tissues.
  • Muscle tissues.
  • Nervous tissues.

Chapter 4: Organ Systems of the Body

  • Organ systems of the body.
  • Integration of body organ system functions.
  • Organ replacement.

Chapter 5: Mechanisms of Disease

  • Disease terminology.
  • Patterns of disease transmission and mechanisms of disease transmission.
  • Pathogenic organisms and particles. 
  • Prevention and control.
  • Inflammatory disease. 
  • Neoplasms and cancer.

Chapter 6: The Integumentary System and Body Membranes

  • Classification of body membranes.
  • The structure, appendages, functions, and disorders of the skin.

Second Marking Period Topics

Chapter 7: The Skeletal System

  • The functions of the skeleton. 
  • Types of bones.
  • Divisions of the skeleton.
  • Joints and skeletal disorders.

Chapter 8: The Muscular System

  • Muscle tissue structure and functions of the skeletal muscle.
  • Role of other body systems in movement. 
  • Major muscular disorders.

Chapter 9: Blood

  • Blood composition and volume.
  • Mechanisms of blood disease.
  •  Red blood cells and their disorders.
  • White blood cells and their disorders.
  • Blood platelets and blood clotting.

Chapter 10: Heart and Heart Disease

  • Anatomy of the heart. 
  • Coronary circulation and heart disease.
  • Cardiac cycle.
  • Heart failure.

Chapter 11: The Circulation of Blood

  • Blood vessels.
  • Disorders of blood vessels.
  • Circulation of blood.

Chapter 12: The Lymphatic System and Immunity

  • Lymphatic system.
  • The immune system.

 

Third Marking Period Topics

Chapter 13: The Nervous System

  • Organs and divisions of the Nervous System.
  • Central nervous system.
  • Peripheral nervous system.
  • Autonomic nervous system.

Chapter 14: The Senses

  • Classification of sense organs.
  • Converting a stimulus into a sensation.
  • General sense organs.
  • Special sense organs.

Chapter 15: The Endocrine System

  • Mechanisms of hormone action.
  • Regulation of hormone secretion.
  • Mechanisms of endocrine disease.
  • Endocrine glands.
  • Other endocrine structures.

Chapter 16: The Respiratory System

  • Structural plan.
  • Disorders of upper respiratory tract.
  • Disorders of the lower respiratory tract.

Chapter 17: The Digestive System

  • Organs and functions.
  • Diseases.

Chapter 18: Nutrition and Metabolism

  • Metabolic functions of the liver.
  • Nutrient metabolism.
  • Vitamins and minerals.
  • Metabolic rates.
  • Metabolic and eating disorders.
  • Body temperature.

 

Fourth Marking Period Topics

Chapter 19: The Urinary System

  • Kidneys.
  • Micturition.
  • Renal and urinary disorders.

Chapter 20: Fluid and Electrolyte Balance

  • Body fluids.
  • Mechanisms that maintain balance.
  • Fluid imbalance.
  • Electrolyte imbalances.

Chapter 21: Acid-Base Balance

  • pH of body fluids.
  • Mechanisms that control pH of body fluids.
  • pH imbalances.

Chapter 22: The Reproductive Systems

  • Sexual reproduction.
  • Common structural and functional characteristics between the sexes.
  • Disorders of the female reproductive system.
  • Sexually transmitted diseases.

Chapter 23: Growth and Development

  • Prenatal period.
  • Birth or parturition.
  • Disorders of pregnancy.
  • Postnatal period.
  • Effects of aging.

Chapter 24: Genetics and Genetic Diseases

  • Genetics and human disease.
  • Chromosomes and genes.
  • Gene expression.
  • Genetic diseases.
  • Prevention and treatment of genetic diseases.